What is 5G Technology ?
5G is the fifth-generation wireless technology. This next generation cellular network hit the market by the end of 2018 and very soon it will broaden its horizon globally.
The prime development of 5G networks directs ahead from mobile internet to broad Internet of Things (IoT) from the year 2019-2020. Here, 5G will serve communication to many connected devices with the right exchange of speed, latency and cost of 5G is 10 to x 100 higher than 4G, for an example – a full length HD movie will be downloaded in no time even in a crowded place. It will do much more to enhance the network connection remarkably and take it to the advanced level.
This is the time to imagine, absolutely large number of devices connecting and exchanging information in a moment to decrease road accidents; improvement of airline services, transforming industries, developing societies and human experiences. Internationally, 5G implementation is rapidly progressing in trial run to make it commercial.
5G brings radical change in safety and security. Societies would be sharper by using electricity grid and reducing carbon emissions, road accidents would be less as more vehicles would be connected, implement emergency services would be faster hence natural calamities would be detected and warned swiftly, vigilance through drones would be key.
5G Status in India –
India has strong 4G footstep at present though Indian Inc. realizes the importance of 5G technology and has already sketched some master plans. Some ruling names like Reliance Jio, VVDN, Tejas Network, Cadence India, Qualcomm India as well as some start-ups are also operating 5G. Other network giants like Airtel, Vodafone Idea, have partnered with global vendors like Ericsson, Huawei, Samsung for commercial rise by the end of the year 2020.
The Department of Telecommunication (DOT) is also sponsoring bright Indian start-ups for testing 5G projects. Premium institutes like IITs (Indian Institute of Technology), IISC (Indian Institute of Science) all are engaged in the evolution of 5G. The technology specialists have divided the application areas into 3 groups.
eMBB – enhanced Mobile broadband
URLLC – Ultra Reliable Low Latency Communication
mMTC – massive Machine type Communication
The entire cellular application will switch forever in the matter of downloads, uploads and transferring heavy files, Ultra HD video streaming. Businesses, Automotive, E- commerce, Manufacturing, Public services, Banking services will be amplified with the adoption of IoT devices.
Mukesh Ambani owned Reliance Jio has laid out their own hardware for 5G technology and is doing constant development on it. They build indigenous strength to curb cost and foreign dependency. The active approach of Reliance Jio is unparalleled in India as well as in global vendors of the network. Rancore Technologies, once a division of RIL, was united with Jio and depending on its 5G and IoT technology.
If you are looking for A Complete guide on IoT then we recommend you having a look on What is IoT | How does it work and its application.
Bharti Airtel, Vodafone has already provided IoT services. This is for the first-time indigenous technologies is taking over European and American machinery. Indian Government will auction the 5G spectrum in 2020-21. The Department of Telecommunication (DOT) is likely to start a 5G trial with vendors except Chinese vendors like Huawei, ZTE. DOT is the supreme decision-making body.
Challenges for implementing 5G
Set up a complex network – Setting up 5G network is not so easy, it requires more complex networks than the previous networks. Dense networks require building complex components, though it acquires limited space. At this moment, India massively lags other countries. In India, the penetration rate of this connection is only 7% in comparison with America and Europe, the rate is 75% and the other developing countries around 40%. At present, India has nearly 2.5 million fibre optic route kilometres, by 2022 it will secure 7.5 million route kilometres.
Restricting the operating and maintenance costs – It is another bigger challenge to keep the cost low since a 5g network should be configured, tested and regularly updated – all necessary measures keep the operation cost high. 5g spectrums are pretty expensive. Let see the Top Companies for 5G Which are doing research on 5G?
Low latency requirements – 5G networks need low latency that provides online interactivity for services using the cloud, for example self-driving cars.
Needless to say, all new technology comes with new challenges – 5G is no exception but the prospects for 5G goes much ahead of its erstwhile telecommunication networks. Latest robotics technologies want 5G for autonomous movements. Aerospace and defence industries consider 5G as the most potential in defence technology. No human driver vehicle needs large computing power and connectivity that only comes from 5G. In all probability, 5G will be available in India by 2020.