What is IoT?
IoT stands for the Internet of Things. Internet of Things is an interconnected system of various devices that are connected to the internet for the data transferring and receiving from one device to another. In simple words, it is a combination of the internet in relation to real-world things. Internet is a worldwide system of networks that are interconnected with computer networks globally. It is a way by which different devices can be connected to create an intelligence network with the internet, with different embedded electronics objects connected to the software. IoT is making our life and comfort. It helps us in controlling the devices or appliances from any part of the globe. Internet of Things is a very large network of different connected devices. This finally aims to lessen the workload in the machine cycle. In big industries, machines can be controlled and given commands or programs through pre instructions that what to do and when to do. The machines can be operated as per your needs and can modify themselves from anywhere around the world.
Application of IoT:
Nowadays Internet of Things is used in every field like in Automated Home, Different manufacturing industries, agricultural units, security purposes, and many more. Some of the major applications of IoT are discussed below:
IOT in everyday life:
IoT serves us a lot in our daily routine life. For example, you go home and turn on AC it takes 20 minutes to cool the room, but the better way is that whenever you are coming towards your home and about reach few kilometres away from your home at that time you can turn the AC ON and set its temperature, This can be done with the help of IoT. You can connect all the daily used devices like cars, mobiles, home appliances, lights, computers, etc.
IoT in Medicine:
IoT empowers the health care profession and improves the quality of care. It also reduces the unsustainability and high cost of medical devices. For example, there is a medical device and we feed some parameters. If any of the parameters go out of limit a sensor sends the message to the cloud and then the cloud passes the message through the remote signal to a smart device that is monitor by a caretaker. So, the data sharing becomes easy and the distance between the patient and doctor has been reduced.
IoT in smart cities:
With the help of IoT, we can solve many problems like waste control management, Traffic management, water resource management, House issues, and pollution. For example, like a fire alarm in the buildings if the sensor in the alarm sense fire it would aware the rescue office and police station.
IoT in Agriculture:
IoT also makes agriculture work easy. The greenhouse is an effective technique in agriculture. The smart greenhouse is very helpful. There are many embedded devices connected in the greenhouse. The parameters are set in the agricultural unit and if something went wrong the device sends the message to the cloud and in response, the cloud sends the message back to the controls units so the condition can be under control.
HOW IOT works?
In the system of interconnection of devices in IoT(Internet of Things), the connected devices collect the information and share the data of how the device is operated in the particular environment in which the devices are operated. Everything is done through the sensors. The sensors are embedded with every device physically which could be the electrical appliances, cars, mobile phones, or the things that are used in our daily life. These sensors emit information constantly about the functioning of the device, and the data send to IoT platform security. IoT combines the collected information from different resources and analysis is done on the collected data, at last, the data is shared with another device for enhancing the experience of the users and to provide user efficiency.
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Security of IoT:
The first thing that will come in our mind where our data goes? And if this is a device then it would be hackable if its connection is exposed? Our private data is stored on the third location that is the cloud. Our location, our financial status are stored on the cloud system, so our privacy is in danger if some hacker hacks the system and get the data then it will be in bad hands. So for that reason, a Bit box is introduced. The bit box is designed to connect to all of your IoT devices and it securely collects, backup, and transfers your data within your own network. In the bit box, every piece of data is encrypted individually and only accessible to the primary users. So bit box creates your own data box and it is accessible to authorized person and cannot be accessible to any other wrong person.